Trees of the Haliburton Sculpture Forest

Along Head Lake Trail, Museum Road and Glebe Field there are signs identifying the various tree species in the area. In addition to the Scientific Names of the trees, the following index includes the Ojibwe names of these trees and how Annishinabe and Ojibwe cultures have traditionally made use of these plants. For more information, each page below has more information on the trees.

American basswood fibres are used for tying wild rice stalks before harvest.

English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

American Basswood

wiigobimizh

American basswood fibres are used for tying wild rice stalks before harvest.

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English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

American Elm

aniib

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The antimicrobial effects of Balsam Fir were found to be potent enough that Indigenous Peoples used the oil as an antiseptic on wounds.

English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

Balsam Fir

zhingob

The antimicrobial effects of Balsam Fir were found to be potent enough that Indigenous Peoples used the oil as an antiseptic on wounds.

Azhaawemish means tattoo tree, it can handle you carving tattoos into it without it dying.

English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

Beech

azhaawemish

Azhaawemish means tattoo tree, it can handle you carving tattoos into it without it dying.

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English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

Black Ash

baapaagimaak

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What happens when you use cedar tea to bathe? It purges your lymph vessels and nodes, relieving your skin of this constant slow leech of toxins and garbage that is slowly secreted onto the surface of your skin which is the cause of a ton of problems.

English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

Eastern White Cedar

giizhigaa'aandak

What happens when you use cedar tea to bathe? It purges your lymph vessels and nodes, relieving your skin of this constant slow leech of toxins and garbage that is slowly secreted onto the surface of your skin which is the cause of a ton of problems.

Used to make shingles

English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

Eastern White Pine

biisaandago-zhingwaak

Used to make shingles

The bark is used as a stain for all woodenware. In the Great Lakes region there is lots of heavy metal toxicity in the soil which accumulates in plants and animals. The mixture of tanins and resins in the stain becomes absorbent and absorb the heavy metals in food.

English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

Hemlock

gaagaagiwanzhiki

The bark is used as a stain for all woodenware. In the Great Lakes region there is lots of heavy metal toxicity in the soil which accumulates in plants and animals. The mixture of tanins and resins in the stain becomes absorbent and absorb the heavy metals in food.

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English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

Ironwood

maananoons 

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When a moose gets injured they will go straight to striped maple because there is a medicinal property that helps heal bruises. Observing the behavior of moose allowed Indigenous peoples to realize the medicinal properties of this tree. This tree promotes and stimulates angiogenesis which is the production of new blood vessels.

English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

Striped Maple

moozomizh

When a moose gets injured they will go straight to striped maple because there is a medicinal property that helps heal bruises. Observing the behavior of moose allowed Indigenous peoples to realize the medicinal properties of this tree. This tree promotes and stimulates angiogenesis which is the production of new blood vessels.

Indigenous peoples tapped trees by cutting v-shaped patterns into the bark or by inserting basswood or willow tubes into the tree.

English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

Sugar Maple

aninaatig

Indigenous peoples tapped trees by cutting v-shaped patterns into the bark or by inserting basswood or willow tubes into the tree.

Used to prepare for pregnancy and to lessen the risk of miscarriage. Also used in shoes or around camps to deter rattlesnakes. Because of this, cradles are exclusively made from white ash. It is the type of tree that is the most resistant to lightning.

English Name

Ojibwe Name

Traditional Uses

White Ash

aagimaak

Used to prepare for pregnancy and to lessen the risk of miscarriage. Also used in shoes or around camps to deter rattlesnakes. Because of this, cradles are exclusively made from white ash. It is the type of tree that is the most resistant to lightning.