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Trees of the Haliburton Sculpture Forest

Along Head Lake Trail, Museum Road and Glebe Field there are signs identifying the various tree species in the area. In addition to the Scientific Names of the trees, the following index includes the Ojibwe names of these trees and how Annishinabe and Ojibwe cultures have traditionally made use of these plants. For more information, each page below has more information on the trees.

English Name

American Basswood

Ojibwe Name

wiigobimizh

Traditional Uses

American basswood fibres are used for tying wild rice stalks before harvest.

English Name

Beech

Ojibwe Name

azhaawemish

Traditional Uses

Azhaawemish means tattoo tree, it can handle you carving tattoos into it without it dying.

English Name

Eastern White Pine

Ojibwe Name

biisaandago-zhingwaak

Traditional Uses

Used to make shingles

English Name

Striped Maple

Ojibwe Name

moozomizh

Traditional Uses

When a moose gets injured they will go straight to striped maple because there is a medicinal property that helps heal bruises. Observing the behavior of moose allowed Indigenous peoples to realize the medicinal properties of this tree. This tree promotes and stimulates angiogenesis which is the production of new blood vessels.

English Name

American Elm

Ojibwe Name

aniib

Traditional Uses

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English Name

Black Ash

Ojibwe Name

baapaagimaak

Traditional Uses

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English Name

Hemlock

Ojibwe Name

gaagaagiwanzhiki

Traditional Uses

The bark is used as a stain for all woodenware. In the Great Lakes region there is lots of heavy metal toxicity in the soil which accumulates in plants and animals. The mixture of tanins and resins in the stain becomes absorbent and absorb the heavy metals in food.

English Name

Sugar Maple

Ojibwe Name

aninaatig

Traditional Uses

Indigenous peoples tapped trees by cutting v-shaped patterns into the bark or by inserting basswood or willow tubes into the tree.

English Name

Balsam Fir

Ojibwe Name

zhingob

Traditional Uses

The antimicrobial effects of Balsam Fir were found to be potent enough that Indigenous Peoples used the oil as an antiseptic on wounds.

English Name

Eastern White Cedar

Ojibwe Name

giizhigaa'aandak

Traditional Uses

What happens when you use cedar tea to bathe? It purges your lymph vessels and nodes, relieving your skin of this constant slow leech of toxins and garbage that is slowly secreted onto the surface of your skin which is the cause of a ton of problems.

English Name

Ironwood

Ojibwe Name

maananoons 

Traditional Uses

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English Name

White Ash

Ojibwe Name

aagimaak

Traditional Uses

Used to prepare for pregnancy and to lessen the risk of miscarriage. Also used in shoes or around camps to deter rattlesnakes. Because of this, cradles are exclusively made from white ash. It is the type of tree that is the most resistant to lightning.

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